Best Online Gujarati English Translate
Translate is the action and effect of translating (expressing in one language something that has been previously expressed or that is written in a different language). The term can refer both to the interpretation given to a text or speech and to the material work of the translator.This concept has its etymological origin in Latin. Specifically, we can determine that it comes from the word tradition , which can be defined as the action of guiding from one place to another. And it is made up of three different parts: the prefix trans -, which is synonymous with “from one side to the other” ; the verb ducere , which means “to guide” ; and the suffix – cion , which is equivalent to “action” .
For example: “The Argentine writer Jorge Luis Borges made translations of works by Edgar Allan Poe, Walt Whitman, George Bernard Shaw and other great authors” , “The translation of this film is very bad” , “The speaker speaks too fast, I think that the translate is not including all its concepts . ”
Types of translation
The types of translate are various. Direct translation is carried out from a foreign language to the language of the translator (such as the case of Borges translating a text by Poe). Reverse translation , on the other hand, takes the form of the translator’s language into a foreign language.
However, we cannot ignore that there is another classification of translation. In this case, within it we find categories such as judicial translation , which is that which takes place in front of a court.
On the other hand, there is literary translation which, as its name indicates, is the one whose object is literary works of various kinds, be they stories, poems, theater or novels. All of this without forgetting what is known as informative translation, which is responsible for doing the same with all types of texts and documents that aim to make known a matter in question. Nor to the so-called scientific-technical translation which is what, as its name indicates, refers to texts referring to science, technology, the medical field or engineering, among other fields.
Brief history of translation
Translation is the process by which the meaning of a text in one language, or “source text”, is understood and converted to a new text, in another language, called “translated text”, “target text” or “ target text”. When this process is done orally we call it interpretation.
Interpretation is older than writing. The translation had to wait for the appearance of written literature. It is known that there are partial translations of the Epic of Gilgamesh (2000 BC) into Near Eastern languages of the time. As is often the case with ancient history, it is difficult to determine when exactly the translation began.
It is commonly accepted that the origin of the translation dates back to the time of the Rosetta Stone . Its discovery, in 1799, determined that translation was already in use at the time of Ptolemy V (196 BC). The Rosetta stone, weighing more than 800 kilos and measuring one meter high, collected information about a decree that exalted the figure of the pharaoh and which was transcribed in three languages of the time: Egyptian hieroglyphs, demotic writing and Greek.
However, there is previous information about the commission that Ptolemy Philadelphus, predecessor of Ptolemy V, gave to 72 scribes knowledgeable in Hebrew and Greek to translate the five books of Moses, already in the 3rd century.
Precisely the religious work was an important impetus for translation activity. And shortly after the Rosetta Stone, texts from the Old Testament were translated into what was called the Septuagint.
The disappearance of Hebrew as the main religious language, and the power of the Greek and Roman cultures, led to the push for translation to maintain religious texts. It would be like this, with the first Greek translations of Old Testament books, and the later translations into Latin by the Romans to the Vetus Latina version.
But surely, The Bible has been the text that has most influenced the growth of translation. Already in the 4th century, the most widespread version was made, which was called the Vulgate . Made by Saint Jerome, patron saint of translators, and used for centuries in the Christian religion.
Also the expansion of the Arab empire, during the Middle Ages and until the 15th century, promoted translation into different areas of knowledge such as science or philosophy, typical of Greek texts. It was precisely during the Arab reign in the Iberian Peninsula when the mix of cultures and the situation of Spain as an entrance to Europe promoted a golden period for translation.
In the 12th century, still under Arab rule, the Archbishop of Toledo, Raimundo de Sauvetat, founded the Toledo School of Translators . The institution began working mostly theological texts. But it was with the arrival of Alfonso.
History of English language
English is a Germanic language originating from the Anglo-Frisian languages brought to Britain by the Roman invaders.
Initially, Old English was a group of several dialects, reflecting the varied origin of the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of England . One of these dialects, Late West Saxon, at one point came to dominate.
The original Old English language was then influenced by two waves of invasion: the first was from speakers of the Scandinavian branch of the Germanic languages, who conquered and colonized parts of Britain, the second was from the Normans in the 11th century, who spoke Old Norman and developed a variety of English called Anglo-Norman. These two invasions caused English to become mixed to some extent.
Cohabitation with the Scandinavians , who would have spoken dialects of Old Norse , led to a significant grammatical simplification and lexical enrichment of the Anglo-Frisian core of English; The subsequent Norman occupation led to the grafting of a layer of more elaborate words from the Romance languages (derived from Latin ). This Norman influence on English penetrated through the courts and the government. With the arrival of the Renaissance, Latin and classical Greek supplanted Norman French as the main source of new words.
Gujarati ( autoglotny : Gujarātī, English: Gujarati) is a language that comes from the state of Gujarat , in western India . It is an Indo-European language , from the Indo-Aryan family , spoken by about 46 million people around the world, making it the 23rd most spoken language in the world. Of all of them, approximately 45.5 million reside in India, 250,000 in Tanzania , 150,000 in Uganda , 100,000 in Pakistan and 50,000 in Kenya .
Gujarati is the main language of the state of Gujarat , as well as the adjacent territories of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli . There are also sizable communities of speakers in the United States and the United Kingdom . In England, two popular areas with Gujarati populations are Leicester (Midlands) and Wembley (north London). And in the United States, they are especially found in states such as New Jersey , New York , California , and Texas .
Due to the size of the Gujarati population spread across the world, from Africa, the Middle East to the United Kingdom and the United States , some jokingly call them non-resident Gujaratis instead of the official term non-resident Indians. It is one of the 14 official regional languages of India. It was the mother tongue of Mohandas K. Gandhi , the “father of India”, and Muhammad Ali Jinnah , the “father of Pakistan”.
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